Let's not be anti-historical and romanticize pre-Leninist Russia as if it's a civilization to be venerated. It isn't.
Pre-Revolution Russia (remember there were two revolutions in 1917, more properly one republican revolution followed by a Bolshevik coup, which was not supported by the people) was ghastly. Although serfdom had been formally, legally (that is de jure) been abolished (albeit very lately), it was still de facto the reality on the ground. Romanov Russia was lagging centuries behind Europe, it as a strange quasi-feudal/quasi-capitalist situation (proto-capitalism in urban, elite centers, late feudalism in 99.9% of the country).
The February Revolution (republican and liberal in character) was a good thing. The Bolshevik coup was not. For more on this, see Sean McMeekin's book 'The Russian Revolution: A New History'.